DIY Replacing Garage Door Torsion Springs


Replacing a garage door torsion spring can be (but doesn't have to be!) a challenging and potentially dangerous task if you're not experienced with garage door repair. It's always recommended that you hire a professional for this job, as torsion springs are under high tension and improper installation can lead to serious injury or damage. However, if you have the necessary knowledge, tools, and experience, here is a general step-by-step guide on how to replace a garage door torsion spring. Please use extreme caution, and if you're unsure about any step, consult a professional.


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The Essentials:

Important Safety Precautions:

  • Always wear safety glasses and gloves.
  • Make sure the garage door is fully closed and disconnected from the opener before starting.
  • Release tension from the old spring before removing it.

Materials and Tools You'll Need:

  • Replacement torsion spring(s)
  • Winding bars (steel rods)
  • Wrenches
  • Vice grips or locking pliers
  • C-clamps
  • A ladder or step stool
  • A socket set
  • Safety goggles
  • Work gloves

Step-by-Step Guide:

  1. Preparation:

    • Disconnect the garage door opener from the power source.
    • Clamp the door in place using C-clamps on both tracks to prevent it from moving while you work.
    • Use locking pliers to secure the garage door track just below the bottom roller to prevent it from falling.
  2. Identify the Spring System:

    • Determine whether you have a single torsion spring or a pair of springs.
    • Measure the spring's length, wire size, and diameter to ensure you get the right replacement.
  3. Release Tension from the Old Spring:

    • Use winding bars to unwind the tension from the old spring.
    • Insert a winding bar into one of the holes in the winding cone and turn it slowly to release tension.
    • Do this for both sides of the spring system until the spring is completely unwound.
  4. Remove the Old Spring:

    • Once the tension is released, use a wrench to remove the setscrews from the winding cones.
    • Carefully slide the old spring off the torsion bar.
  5. Install the New Spring:

    • Slide the new spring onto the torsion bar and secure it with the setscrews. Make sure it's centered.
  6. Wind the New Spring:

    • Use the winding bars to wind the new spring. Follow the manufacturer's guidelines for the number of turns required.
  7. Check the Balance:

    • Carefully remove the C-clamps from the tracks.
    • Slowly raise the garage door and check for balance. It should stay in place when raised halfway and not drift up or down.
  8. Reconnect the Opener:

    • Reconnect the garage door opener to the power source.
  9. Test the Door:

    • Test the door's operation by opening and closing it a few times. Ensure it moves smoothly and without any issues.
  10. Safety Inspection:

    • Inspect the entire system for any loose bolts or parts.
    • Lubricate the moving parts as needed.

Remember that garage door spring replacement is a complex and potentially dangerous task. If you're unsure about any step or don't have experience with garage door repair, it's strongly recommended that you hire a professional technician to replace the springs for you. Your safety is paramount.